A web search engine is a software Program that is designed to search for information on the World Wide Web(www). The search results are generally presented in a line of results often referred to as search engine results pages(SERPs). Today, Google and other search engines are smarter than ever they use machine learning and can easily understand natural human speech. But the internet was not always easy to navigate, there was a time when you had to know the exact name of a website to find it. Sometimes it may take weeks to complete a search. Search engine history all started in 1990 with Archie, an FTP site hosting an index of downloadable directory listing.
1990– Archie, the first search engine established. Due to limited space, only the listing were available and not for the contents for each site.
1991– World Wide Web Virtual Library Tim Berners, set up a virtual library. CERN webserver hosted a list of webservers in the early age of the internet.
1992 – Veronica, searched file names and titles stored in Gopher index systems
1993 – jughead, searched file names and titles in Gopher index systems but only searched a single server at a time.
World Wide Web, created by English scientist Tim Berners-Lee; a bot counted active web servers and measured the growth of the internet. Bot was soon upgraded to capture actual URLs. Bot accessed same page hundreds of times a day and caused lag.
1994 – Infoseek, webmasters could submit a page in real time.
EINetGalaxy – Efficient in its utilization of different web search features. Unnecessary librarydue to small size of internet.
ALIWEB – Created by MartjinKoster, it crawled meta info and allowed the user to submit the pages they wanted to guide along with a description. In this people didn’t know how to submit their sites.
Webcrawler – provide entire pages, but was too popular to be used during daytime.
Lycos – established in 1995 went public with catalog of 54,000 documents.
1995 – Look smart, competed with yahoo by increasing involvement rates back and forth.
Excite – created by six standard undergrads.
Altavista – unlimited bandwidth and it has advanced searching techniques.it can add or delete your own URL within 24 hours.
1996– BackRub created by Larry and Sergey. It ranked pages using citation natation, meaning any mention of a website on another sites would count it as a vote towards the mentioned site. Its reliability came from how many people linked to that site.
1998–Google’s unique and improving algorithm has made it one of the most popular search engines of all time. Google judge sites by authority.
1999 – Allthe Web – sleek interface with advanced features that was eventually rolled into yahoo search.
2000–Teoma, search engine is released. AskJeeves buys Teoma to replace DirectHit.
2003-Overture plans to purchase AltaVista for $80 million in stock, $60 million in cash
Inktomi is bought out by yahoo for 235 million.
Google releases their first officially named update “Boston” announced at Northeastern’ SES Boston
Yahoo! Buys overture for $1.63 billion
2004 – MSN launches preview of new search engines
Lycos is sold to Daum Communications, the second largest internet portal in Korea
2005-MSN drops Yahoo! Organic results for own in house technology in January 2005
IAC buys Ask Jeeves for $1.85 billion, changes name to Ask.com and drops Teoma .
2006 – LookSmart shuts zeal down.
Microsoft announces launch of Live Search Product.
2008-Google releases “Google Suggest”—users receive dropdowns of suggested topics related to their queries
2009-Bing,Rebranding of MSN/Live Search
Inline search suggestions for related searches directly in result set
2011-“Panda” marks a considerable change in Google’s ranking algorithm. Content farms and scraper sites, among others, are negatively impacted. 12% of Google search results in the US are affected
With a goal of maintaining and promoting schemas for more structured internet data, Google, Yahoo!, and Microsoft collaborate to create Schema.org
2014-Yahoo! signs a deal to be Mozilla Firefox’s default search provider inside the United States
A Google update to deliver more useful, relevant, and accurate local search results
2016-Google releases the (unofficially named) “Possum,” — local search results are diversified; spammy sites are penalized. “Penguin” goes real-time, and becomes a part of Google’s core ranking algorithm
2017-“Google begins punishing sites with aggressive interstitials ad pop-ups that damage the mobile user experience
A Google search algorithm update unofficially dubbed “Fred” punishes sites with low-quality backlinks, and sites that prioritize monetization over user experience